Terpenes Of the more than 400 compounds identified in cannabis, over 200 of them are terpenes. Terpenes are, Phytocannabinoids, one of the three cannabinoids groups ― others include endocannabinoids (naturally produced in the body) and synthetic cannabinoid (produced in the lab).
Terpenes secretion sites and role
Terpenes are secreted in the cannabis plant trichomes. , the resin glands. Trichomes are hairlike part of the plant, appears as an outgrowth on the flowers, leaves, and stems. Naturally, terpenes protect plants from UV rays, heat, and pests. To protect the plant against pests, terpenes might attract herbivores predators and parasites.
They are responsible for the distinct smell and flavor of the cannabis plant. That is why police K-9 trained dogs can sniff out marijuana.
Terpenes influence marijuana strain effects
The number and amount of terpene compounds in cannabis differ from one marijuana strain to another. Their difference is the cause of the resulting difference in the effects of different strains. They can be easily evaporated and thus inhaled while smoking or vaping.
Aside from terpenes, there are about 113 other phytocannabinoids present in cannabis plants.
Terpenes and Terpenoids
Terpenes and terpenoids are two terms used interchangeably. Terpenes are hydrocarbons i.e. they contain hydrogen and carbon elements only. On the other hand, terpenoids are modified versions of terpenes by oxidation during drying and curing of the buds.
A simple distinction is that terpenes are fresh and wet while terpenoids are dried products of a marijuana strain.